Donetsk is an industrial city

Donetsk is an industrial city in Ukraine on the Kalmius River. Administratively, it is a centre of Donetsk Oblast, while historically, it is the unofficial capital and largest city of the larger economic and cultural Donets Basin (Donbas) region. The city of Donetsk is adjacent to another major city of Makiivka and along with other surrounding cities forms a major urban sprawl and conurbation in the region. Donetsk is a major economic, industrial and scientific centre of Ukraine with a high concentration of companies and a skilled workforce.


Donetsk – the most dynamic city in Ukraine in recent years in the country established its image as the business capital of the country. In Donetsk, the first is located in Eastern Europe, the stadium was built in accordance with the 5-star accreditation UEFA.


Donetsk currently has a population of over 982,000 inhabitants (2010) and has a metropolitan area of over 2,000,000 inhabitants (2011). According to the 2001 Ukrainian Census, Donetsk is the fifth-largest city in Ukraine. Donetsk is nicknamed “The City of a Million Roses”.
Fifty thousand “Donbass Arena” – Ukraine’s first stadium, built for the European Football Championship in 2012, in accordance with the standards of UEFA Elite category (five stars). Design developed by “ArupSport” at the time created the stadiums, “Manchester City” (England), “Allianz” (Germany), “Valencia” (Barcelona) and “Sydney” (Australia). Because of its unusual design decision – the effect of soaring roof – Donetsk arena is shaped like a “flying saucer.” The main distinguishing feature of the stadium is an oval shape and a fully glazed facade. In the building there are three restaurants, four bars for holders of season tickets, a lounge bar, dozens of fast-food outlets, a fitness facility. Here is the fan cafe, a museum of FC “Shakhtar” with a multimedia exhibit, and a gift shop with the club logo. Tours are conducted along the following route: Bowl stadium area media conference room, zone players (locker rooms and training rooms), gaming tunnel coaching places bench, company store of FC “Shakhtar”. In match days held mini-tours of the reduced program. On the square in front of “Donbass-Arena” is set ball fountain. 28-ton ball with a diameter of 2.7 m is spinning under the pressure of two water jets. Is the largest rotating granite ball in the world. Next to the stadium is a park with fountains, man-made ponds and rock garden area of ​​2.5 hectares.


Museum of the History and Development of the Donetsk railway – one of the few museums in this profile in Ukraine. Located directly at the train station – in the former locomotive depot Hughes (1872). Railway Museum was opened in 2000 in honor of the 130th anniversary of Donetsk Railway. More than 6.5 thousand. Exhibits tell about the creation of the railroad, on the organization of Railway Workers’ Union, the strike and the revolutionary movement of 1905-17 years., On prewar five-year plans and stahanovsko krivonosovskom-motion, on the participation of the railroad in the Great Patriotic War, the post-war reconstruction of the economy and etc. On the review site with about 50 samples of the rarity of railway equipment: nine different series locomotives 1930-50. (Zou, W D, FD, A, LP, TK, 9G, C), locomotive VL-8, seven locomotives (TK-3, 2T3116, CMP-5, TGM, W-2, W-4, W-7) , passenger and freight cars of the 1930s. particularly valuable exhibit – locomotive L-2062 (1929), the well-known under the name of “Cuckoo.” Renovated train spetsrezerva Commissariat of Railways Inland interior restoration in progress 1943 saloon car Voroshilov (1898), a two-axle passenger car (1910) and other rarities.


Donetsk lies in the steppe landscape of Ukraine, surrounded by scattered woodland, hills (spoil tips), rivers and lakes. The northern outskirts are mainly used for agriculture. The Kalmius River links the city with the Sea of Azov, which is 95 km (59 mi) to the south, and a popular recreational area for those living in Donetsk. A wide belt of farmlands surrounds the city.
Donetsk is home to about 140 museums. Among them, two large regional museums – Donetsk Region History Museum and Donetsk Regional Art Museum.

Donetsk Region History Museum reveals the city’s true identity and covers to the entire local community, diverse as it is. Set up in 1924, it offers an extensive expo with 120,000 exhibits: from archeological findings dating back to pre-historic times to the founding of the city by John Hughes, development of industry and coal mining, World War II and the Soviet times. FC Shaktar Museum was opened in 2010. This museum is the first Ukrainian museum to be nominated for a European Museum of the Year Award

Comments are closed.