Taurida Governorate

The Taurida Governorate or Government of Taurida was a historical governorate of the Russian Empire. It included the Crimean Peninsula and the mainland between the lower Dnieper River and the coasts of the Black Sea and Sea of Azov. It was formed after the Taurida Oblast was abolished in 1802 in course of Paul I’s administrative reform of the South-Western territories that were annexed from the Crimean Khanate. The governorate’s centre was the city of Simferopol. The province was named after the ancient Greek name of Crimea – Taurida.


The Crimean Peninsula has historically been at the boundary between the classical world and the steppe; its southern fringe has been colonised by the ancient Greeks, the Roman and later Byzantine Empire, and its successor the Ottoman Empire, while at the same time its interior was occupied by a changing cast of invading steppe nomads, such as the Cimmerians, Scythians, Goths, Bulgars, Huns, Khazars, Kipchaks, and the Golden Horde.


The mainland and the peninsular parts of the region differed a lot. The total area of the governorate was 63,538 km² of which the mainland portion consisted of 38,405 km² and is largely black earth steppe land. The population of the whole region was 1,634,700 in 1906. At that time, mainland part of the governorate was mostly populated by Ukrainians and Russians but had significant ethnic minorities of Germans, Bulgarians, and Armenians and Jews, while major ethnic groups of the Crimean peninsula were Crimean Tatars and Russians with German, Greek, Armenian, and Karaim minorities. Major urban centres were Simferopol, Sevastopol, Theodosia, Bakhchisaray, and Yalta in Crimea, and Aleshki (now Tsyurupynsk), Berdyansk, and Melitopol on the mainland.

Southern coast of Crimea – the most popular tourist resort area of the peninsula. Magnificent palaces , churches and other architectural masterpieces – and even more impressive miraculous beauty of nature involve thousands of people here , for the season these places clean artless beauty visited by millions of pilgrims. Foros church in Yalta cableway leading from the city center across the countryside to the theatrical , almost toy painted statue of Zeus on a rock , the Grand Canyon with his youth Bathroom (small basin filled with ice water, practically ) , a giant mountain Ai-Petri , on top which can be frozen – , here they can always taste in a makeshift restaurant with a dozen varieties of fine wine and ride a camel … These fabulous views will haunt you in your sleep , you will never forget them !


For rest and treatment in Crimea tourists are attracted not only a unique climate, a generous sun , warm sea , beautiful beaches and enchanting landscapes. Crimea – it is also a lot of monuments of history, archeology, architecture and , of course , numerous comfortable resorts . Crimea is known as a unique health resort. Many sanatoriums Crimea are world famous for its schools improvement. Rest in Crimea good at any time of year , many and resorts offer services for rest and treatment all year round.

Rest in Crimea – about 700 different spa facilities : sanatoriums, boarding houses , hotels and holiday camps. Also stay in Camps offers ample recreational opportunities in the private sector . Hospitable and welcoming hosts will welcome you to rest and provide rooms for rent , apartments, villas , houses, cottages with the most diverse conditions of comfort and price levels.

Can you answer the question of what we each year die from the summer heat in the resorts of Egypt and Turkey, where the usual air temperature – is 40 degrees ? Why the very season when the prices are just space , fly to Italy and Spain . Why go to the East to see the sights , and there, in the summer rainy season begins ? Probably , you can not talk about overcrowded homes, hotels, and trains in July and August, when the rest like a masochistic adventure lover . Today, it is widely understood that better tolerate the summer heat at home , but in the fall , when cold drizzling rain , you can go to a warm journey .

September in the Crimea – a period of bliss and the best time to treat all kinds of diseases , especially respiratory and nervous system. Velvet season named because the Empress spent here fall, and behind her , began to come here and society ladies in dresses of velvet , which , compared to the mild climate and the fall of the Crimea.

The merits of many velvet season . But most important of them – this is the optimum temperature and moderate doses of ultraviolet radiation. In September, there can rest quietly allergies , cores , and those who suffer from nervous disorders . Lack of blacks on the streets and in recreational areas , at least loud music , etc. , contribute to proper rest , both soul and body.


In 1783, the Khanate of Crimea was annexed by Catherine the Great’s Russia. Soon after this the Taurida Oblast was established. During the reign of Paul I the oblast was abolished, but soon (in 1802) re-established as a governorate (guberniya). It was a part of the Russian Empire until the Russian Revolution of 1918.

Following the 1917 October Revolution, the ethnic Tatar government proclaimed the Crimean People’s Republic on December 13, 1917, which was the first Muslim Democratic state. The Tatar republic covered the peninsular portion of the former governorate, while its northern counties ended up temporarily under jurisdiction of the Yekaterinoslav Governorate. However neither Ukraine nor the Crimea managed to hold on to their territories and were overrun by Bolshevik Red Guards in winter of 1917-18. The bolsheviks split the governorate territories between the Taurida Soviet Socialist Republic and the Donetsk-Krivoi Rog Soviet Republic briefly in early 1918 before being overrun by the forces of the Ukrainian People’s Republic with a military assistance from the German Empire.


Crimea is famous for its attractions. Very interesting excursions to the former royal estate of the Romanov family – Livadia , Massandra , Yusupov Palace , the palace of Count Vorontsov , Nikitsky Botanical Garden , the cable car to the Ai -Petri in Artek , Gursuf , waterfalls Wuchang -Su and Jur-Jur in the house Chekhov Museum , the Glade of fairy tales, in Marble caves , Khan’s Palace in Bakhchisaray , Panorama and diorama , aquarium and dolphinarium in Sevastopol , Aivazovsky Art Gallery and Museum in Feodosia Green , Genoese fortress in Sudak. Massandra tasting rooms , Inkerman , New World, Koktebel site, offers several dozen varieties of the world famous Crimean wines and brandies.


The crisis unfolded in late February 2014 in the aftermath of the Ukrainian rebellion and the interim appointment of the Yatsenyuk temporary Government as well as the appointment of a new Acting President of Ukraine, Oleksandr Turchynov—seen by Russia as “self-proclaimed”—in a “coup d’etat”. Beginning on 26 February, pro-Russian forces gradually took control of the Crimean peninsula. Several days later, on March 11, after disagreements between Crimea, Sevastopol, and the newly appointed interim government in Ukraine, the Crimean parliament and the city council of Sevastopol adopted a resolution to show their intention to unilaterally declare themselves independent as a single united nation with the possibility of joining the Russian Federation as a federal subject—should voters approve to do so in an upcoming referendum. On March 16, officials said that nearly 96% of those who voted in Crimea supported joining Russia. On March 17, the Crimean parliament officially declared its independence from Ukraine and requested to join the Russian Federation. On March 18, President Putin reclaimed Crimea as a part of Russia.

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