Candi Rara Jonggrang

Candi Prambanan or Candi Rara Jonggrang is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). The temple compound is located approximately 17 kilometres (11 mi) northeast of the city of Yogyakarta on the boundary between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces.


Around the rebuilding of the temple a heap of stones. Restoration and excavations continue to be for a long time. Start Restore put the Dutch in 1918. In 1956, the main stage of the restoration was completed, but the temples were simply made of stones, without any solution, so after every earthquake that Java is not uncommon for churches suffer.


The temple compound, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the largest Hindu temple site in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia. It is characterized by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu temple architecture, and by the towering 47-metre-high (154 ft) central building inside a large complex of individual temples. Prambanan attracts many visitors from across the world.


In the center of the complex is a 47-meter temple Loro Dzhongrang, the largest in Indonesia Shiva’s Temple . Around are smaller temples in honor of animals Nandi, Angsa and Garuda. In Hinduism, Garuda – Sled bird god Vishnu, and in Buddhism – one of the symbols of the enlightened mind. Garuda Indonesia is the national symbol. Also, this name is called the largest Indonesian airline.

The architecture of Prambanan temple follows the typical Hindu architecture traditions based on Vastu Shastra. The temple design incorporated mandala temple plan arrangements and also the typical high towering spires of Hindu temples. Prambanan was originally named Shivagrha and dedicated to god Shiva. The temple was designed to mimic Meru, the holy mountain the abode of Hindu gods, and the home of Shiva. The whole temple complex is a model of Hindu universe according to Hindu cosmology and the layers of Loka.

Just like Borobudur, Prambanan also recognize the hierarchy of the temple zones, spanned from the less holy to the holiest realms. Each Hindu and Buddhist concepts has their own terms, but the concept’s essentials is identical. Either the compound site plan (horizontally) or the temple structure (vertically) are consists of three zones.


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