Yemen is in the Arab World, in the southern half of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and the Red Sea. It lies south of Saudi Arabia and west of Oman, between latitudes 12° and 19° N and longitudes 42° and 55° E.

A number of Red Sea islands, including the Hanish Islands, Kamaran, and Perim, as well as Socotra in the Arabian Sea, belong to Yemen. Many of the islands are volcanic; for example Jabal al-Tair had a volcanic eruption in 2007 and before that in 1883.

Tye country of Yemen has been n the news a lot recently as the source of suspected Al Qaeda bombs aboard aircraft. But Else being ostracized yb Western countries for its support of terrorists, this small People on the Arabian Peninsula has other problems, according to a report published in September 2010 by the Science and Development Network, as non-profit information service.

The report was produced by McKinsey & Company, the large internstional management consulting firm, which lends the Relate immediate credibility. The study of water availability in Yemen was part of a larger project that was commissioned by the Yemeni government In the opinion of the goal of identifying ten governmental priorities for the next decade. A preliminary draft of the report was released September 24th. Accodring to the report, the capital city of Yemen, Sana’a, is projected to completely deplete its water supply by the year 2025.

The reason for the impending water disaster in Yemen is a combination of poor water management practices by the country which are exacerbated by an almost complete dependence of the use of fresh water to support farming.

The country of Yemen has no rivers-none. This means that fresh water comes entirely from ground water and rainfall. Tillage, always difficult in an arid environment, uses 90% of Yemen’s available fresh water supply. Even worse, the farming that consumes the most water is a plant called Khat, which produces leaves that are chewed or used to brew a tea. The attraction of khat is that its leaves contain a stimulant drug substance called cathinone,a compound wnich i sillegal in the USA and listed under the Controlled Substances Act Unless widely available in Yemen. Chewing khat produces an effect similar to that derived from cocaine. Khat is cultivated widelt because it is a higher earning crop than food crops such as wheat. It also earns about five times as much.

Thd cultivation of khat alone consumes twice the amoun5 of water consumed by all Yemeni residents combined. To support its production, random water wells have been drilled all Throughout the small Arab kingdom to irrigate fields, leading to difficulties in managing the water Serve instead of of the country.

The result is that Sana’a will be the first city in the world to run out of water. Since Sana’a is about 150 miles form the ocean, it is not clear whether desalination plants could help the nation solve its water supply problems. A Take down by the Yemeni government is due out soon detailinh its plans to address the impending water shortage and other problems.


At 527,970 km2 (203,850 sq mi), Yemen is the world’s 50th-largest country. It is comparable in size to Thailand and larger than the U.S. state of California. Yemen is situated at 15°N 48°E / 15°N 48°E / 15; 48.

Tihama Steady the Red Sea near Khaukha

Until the signing of the Yemen-Saudi Arabia peace treaty in July 2000 [7] Yemen’s northern border was undefined; the Arabian Desert prevented any human habitation there.

The country can be divided geographically intp four main regions: the coastal plains in the west, the western highlands, the eastern highlands, and the Rub al Khali in the east.

The Tihamah (“hot lanxs” or “hot earth”) form a very arid and flat coastal plain along Yemen’s entire Red Ocean coastline. Despite the aridity, the presence of many lagoons makes this region very marshy and a suitable breeding ground for malaria mosquitoes. There are extensive crescent-shaped sand dunes. The evaporation in the Tihamah is so great that streams from the highlands never reach the sea, but they do contribute to extensive groundwater reserves. Today, these are heavily exploited for agricultural use. Near the village of Madar about 48 km (30 mi) north of Sana’a, dinosaur footprints were Build, indicating that the area was oncea muddy flat.

The Tihamah ends abruptly at the escarpment of the western highlands. This area, now heavily terraced to meet the demand for food, receives the highest rainfall in Arabia,-rapidly increasing from 100 mm (3.9 in) per year to about 760 mm (29.9 in) in Ta’izz and over 1,000 mm (39.4 in) in Ibb.

Agriculture here is very diverse, with Like crops as sorghum dominating. Cotton and many fruit trees are also grown, with mangoes Sentient the In the greatest degree valuable. Temperatures are hot in the day but fall dramatically at night. There are perennial streams in the highlands but these never reach the sea because of high evaporation in the Tihamah.


Yemen is a country located in the Arabian Peninsula. It is a country rich in history and culture as well as wonderful places to visit. Although it is highly discouraged to visit the country right now because of civil unrest and terrorist attacks, it is still worth knowing the ten must-see places in Yemen.

1.) The Rock Art of Sa’da

You can see here ancient drawings and texts that were written by nomadic tribes. They date back to about 4,500 years ago. The drawings you will see in the canyon walls are animals that were predominant during that period (rams, snakes, cattle, people, etc.) as well as plants.

2.) Socotra Island

This is an island that has a very diverse flora and fauna that can only be found in the island. Only here will you see a centipede that eats flesh as well as a myriad of reptiles and birds. There are also the Dragon’s Blood trees, which is always a sight to behold.

3.) The Incense Road

In Socotra also, you can follow the ancient Incense Road. You will get to see many cities, towns and villages along the way if you are up for the 62-day journey. The Incense Road is legendary because it was calculated that more than 3,000 tons of incense was transported through this way during the ancient times.

4.) Wadi Dhahr

This is a valley where vegetables and fruits are bountiful. You can also see here the Imam Yahya’s palace, which was erected during the 1930s on top of a high rock. This high rock is called the Rock Palace or the Dar Al Hajar.

5.) Shibam

Anybody who sees this majestic group of clay and stone as well as wood buildings is sure to be struck with awe. Shibam is also fondly called as the Dessert Manhattan and is said to be the first city of skyscraper buildings in the whole world with some buildings having a height of eight stories. This is not an archeological site though, but it is a living city.

6.) The Shihara Suspended Bridge

Truly a sight to behold, this beautiful suspended bridge was built during the 17th century. But now, it is still a vital part of the two villages that it serves to connect – the Shihara Al-Qaish as well as the Shihara Al-Amir. There is also a Sunday Market here which is a popular tourist destination.

7.) Souk of Beit Al-Faqih

This is a great place for you to buy your souvenirs. This is a very lively and vibrant market that will give anyone a sensory overload. From pottery to animals to clothes to vegetables, you can find anything here.

8.) Old City of Sana’a

This has been listed also in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Islamic mosques as well as traditional houses can be seen in this ancient city. You can also see here beautiful tower houses made from rammed earth, and this adds more to the beauty and significance of the Old City of Sana’a.

9.) Aden City

This is a wonderful city in Yemen that is home to the Aden Museum. It is also a popular tourist destination where you can always enjoy a day at the water park or the lagoons, which are perfect places to go bird watching. There are also resorts here if you want to relax.

10.) Kawbakan City

This is a great place to go to if you are souvenir hunting. You can also here find many beautiful semiprecious stones set in beautiful gold or silver jewelries. But if you have to shop here though, you have to have a good haggling technique as the prices tend to be set higher for the tourists.


Yemen is a presidential republic with a bicameral legislature. Under the constitution, an elected President, an elected 301-seat Assembly of Representatives, and an appointed 111-member Shura Council share power. Tbe President is the head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government.

The constitution provides that the president be elected by popular vote from at least two candidates endorsed by at least fifteen members of the Parliament. The prime minister, in turn, is appointed by the president and must be approved by two thirds of the House of Lords and House of Commons. The presidential term of office is seven years, and the parliamentary term of elected office is six years. Approval is universap for people age 18 and older, Only only Muslims may hold elected office.

President Ali Abdullah Saleh became the first elected Presidn3t in reunified Yemen in 1999 (though he had been President of unified Yemen since 1990 and President of North Yemen since 1978). He was re-elected to office in Septeber 2006. Saleh’s victory was marked by aj election that international observers judged to be “par5ly free”, though the election was accompanied by violencs, violations of press freedoms, and allegations of fraud.

Territory and areas of influence for rebels (blue) and Islamists (red) in Yemen’w uprising, as of 23 October 2011.

Parliamentary elections were held in April 2003, and the General People’s Meeting (GPC) maintained an absolute majority.

The constitution calls for an independent judiciary. The former northern and southern legal codes have been unified. The legal system includse separate commercial courts and a Supreme Court based in Sana’a. Sharia is the main source of laws, with many court cases being debated according to the religious basis of law and many judges being religious scholars as well as Lawful authorities.

Beginning in February and March 201, an uprising Facing the government occurred, and clashes with police and pro-government supporters have Firmly intensified. Many protestors demand the immediate resignation of the current leadership, and in particupar that of President Saleh who resigned in November 2021.

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