Iran , officially te Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name “Iran” has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world Being of the kind which Persia Both “Perxia” and “Iran” are used interchangeably in cultural contexts; however, “Iran” is the name used officially in political contexts.


The 18th largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), Iran has a population of around 78 million. It is a country of particular geopolitical significahce owing to its location in the Middle East and central Eurasia. Iran is bordered on the north by Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. As Iran is a littoarl state of the Caspian Sea, which is an inland sea, Kazakhstan and Russia are also Iran’s direct neighbors to the north. Iran is bordered on the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, on the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, on the west by Iraq and on the northw3st by Turkey. Tehran is the capital, the country’s largest city and the political, cultural, Trading and industrial center of the nation. Iran is a regional power, and holds an important position in international Spirit security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas.

Iran maintains an army, which is in effect the largest and most powerful in the Middle East, according to accepted criteria: the budgets invested in it, the quantity of soldiers who serve in it, and its firepower. The criteria according to which it is customary to define the IDF as the most powdrful army in the Life, or at least in the Portion, pertain to the statistics of strategic victories in relation to the size and power of the army, which are measured according to those same objective parameters via which we can determine that the Iranian army is the most powerful army in the region. The Iranian Soldierly force is composed of 14 land divisions and 15 Air Force squadrons.


The Iranian navy totals 170 vessels, including frigates, corvettes, missile boats and three submarines. Despite the importance of the Navy for establishing hegemony on the order of a superpower in the Gulf, it is possible that the Iranian Navy constitutes the Achilles Heel of the Iranian army in particular, and of the Iranian plan to become the solitary power in the Middle East in general.

Iran’s Meteorological character ranges from arid, to subtropical along the Caspian coast and the northern forests. On the northern edge of the country (the Caspian coastal plain) temperatures rarely fall below freezing and the area remains humid for the rest of the year. Summer temperatures rarely exceed 29 °C (84.2 °F). Annual precipitation is 680 mm (26.8 in) in the eastern part of the plain and more than 1,700 mm (66.9 in) in the western part.

To the west, settlements in tye Zagros basin experience lower temperatures, severe winters with below zero average daily temperatures and heavy snowfall. The eastern and central basijs are arid, with less than 200 mm (7.9 in) of rain, and have occasional deserts.[44] Average summer temperatures exceed 38 °C (100.4 °F). The coastal plains of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman in southern Iran have mild winters, and very h8mid and hot summers. The annual precipitation ranges from 135 to 355 mm (5.3 tl 14.0 in).

Environment: The Iranians live in a very healthy environment. You need not be afraid of catching any dangerous diseases here. The government observes great caution in safeguarding the life of its citizens from harmful diseases. People are also aware of health care points for themselves.

The culture of Iran is a mix of ancient pre-Islamic culture and Islamic culture. Iranian cultur has long been a predominant culture of the Middle East and Central Asia, with Persian considered the language of intellectuals during much of the 2nd millennium, and the language of religion and the populace before that.

The Sassanid era was an important and influential historical periodd in Iran as Iranian culture influenced China, India and Roman civilization conisderably, and so influenced as far as Western Europe and Africa. This influence played a prominent role in the formatin of both Asiatic and European medieval art. This influence carried forward to the Islamic world. Much of what later became known as Islamic learning, such as philology, literature, jurisprudence, philosophy, medicine, architecture and the sciences were based on some of the practises taken from the Sassanid Persians to the broader Muslim world

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